Estonian agriculture is a story of connected people. From producer to processor, advisor to scientist, collaboration is key. Only like this will agricultural land remain healthy, practices environmentally sound and regional traditions respected. It is equally important to diversify rural agricultural activity, promote entrepreneurial and employment alternatives among agricultural workers, and to keep rural living enjoyable. Luckily, led by the Estonian University of Life Sciences, numeral agricultural research groups are on the case.
Biochemistry and molecular biology are unparalleled in terms on citations, scientific resources, and policy attention. You will find pioneering research in organic chemistry and cell biology, genomics and proteomics, as well as other groups exploring biomedicine, cell bioenergetics, and system biology. There is much to discover here, with six research centers driving progress in the field.
Exact sciences is a broad category that includes everything from particle physics to superacid chemistry to a team of astrophysicists that launched Estonia’s first satellite. There is much to explore here, with pioneering international projects and technological innovation that place Estonia firmly among the leading centres of scientific thought that push the world forward.
With half of its landmass covered by forests and dotted with 1,521 islands, Estonia possesses incredible biodiversity. Add large wetlands and Europe’s largest oil-shale and rock phosphate deposits and it is easy to see that environmental researchers have their hands full. Geo- and biosciences bring together all those who monitor and address any environmental and ecological problems out there.
Estonia is one of the world’s smallest countries to have its own educational and scientific infrastructure -- in its own language, seeped in its own cultural traditions. Humanities scholars have a dual role in Estonia: to produce top-notch international research while bearing the torch of Estonian-language culture, education, and scientific inquiry. Here are a few pointers to help you get a feel for what they do.
For nearly 300 years, the University of Tartu has been the undisputed leader in Estonian medical science. It runs dozens of clinics and institutes and has earned accolades with the Estonian Genome Centre which runs the Estonian Biobank. The biobank holds protected data on five percent of the country’s adult population and is a massive boon to medical research. Click around to read more on Estonian gene studies and other medical research that strikes your fancy. You’ll be here for a while.
To claim success in Estonia, a social scientist must juggle international research and public expectations that one’s work also be visibly applied to everyday life. As a result, a satisfying trend has emerged: Estonian social scientists are active in international projects while remaining fully plugged in to the socioeconomic quirks of a small nation.
A lot of scientific attention is reserved for the energetics and chemistry of oil shale, an abundant natural resource here that Estonian scientists have probed for nearly a century. You will also find creative sparks flying in IT, materials sciences, biotechnology, food technology, biomedicine, and a host of other fields. Most research is based at the Tallinn University of Technology while the Institute of Technology at the University of Life Sciences focuses on integrated bioenergetic materials. The University of Tartu completes the trio.